‫الرئيسية‬ From giorgia The Role of Georgia in Caucasus Biodiversity
From giorgia - From India 🇮🇳 - 20 مايو، 2023

The Role of Georgia in Caucasus Biodiversity

 

Title:: The Role of Georgia in Caucasus Biodiversity

 

 

Shorena Abashidze
Leading biology teacher
Doctor of Biological Sciences
Georgia
Galaktion Tabidze Tbilisi N. 51 Public School

 

The role of Georgia in the biodiversity of the Caucasus region is significant. May 22 is International Biodiversity Day, which emphasizes the importance of biodiversity and raises public awareness on this issue. Biodiversity encompasses more than just the diversity of traits in a single protected area. It represents the unity of genes of species of living organisms in ecosystems, which is closely linked to human well-being. Nature provides us with valuable resources such as clean water, air, and food, and it is essential to preserve biodiversity for the benefit of humans.

The Caucasus region is renowned for its great biodiversity, with two identified hotspots that include Georgia. The first hotspot covers a large area of Georgia, while the second hotspot, known as the Iran-Anatolia hotspot, encompasses southern Georgia.

Georgia holds a significant place in biodiversity due to its high level of endemism, remarkable biomes, and species diversity. Out of the 6,500 plant species, 4,100 are native to Georgia, and 20% of these 4,100 species are endemic. The Kolkheti plain and the alpine zone are particularly notable for their unique ecosystems.

However, it is important to acknowledge that biodiversity faces serious threats. Habitat destruction, which leads to the degradation of natural habitats, is one such threat. For example, the Caucasian species became extinct in the region due to habitat destruction.

Pollution, largely driven by human entrepreneurial activities, also poses a significant challenge to biodiversity.

The introduction of non-native species is a

nother threat. This occurs when living organisms are artificially introduced by humans or invade an ecoregion by themselves. For instance, the alura of the boxwood invaded Georgia in 2014, causing damage to the Kolkhi boxwood. Additionally, the introduction of nutria to the plains of Kolkheti for their valuable fur resulted in negative consequences. The climate in that region adversely affected the fur quality, leading to an unsuccessful commercial idea. The introduced nutria has disrupted the food chain and contributed to the narrowing of biodiversity in the Kolkheti Plain, leading to the extinction of local species.

Conservation is a fundamental principle of biodiversity, which entails managing natural resources in a way that minimizes harm to the living world.”

 

 

 

 

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